Composition


The Constitutional Court is composed of twelve judges One third is elected by the National Assembly; one third is appointed by the President and one third is elected by the General Assembly of the judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court. The Constitutional Court thus formed elects a Chairman of the Court with a three-year term of office. The Chairman may be reelected. Eligible for membership at the Constitutional Court are Bulgarian citizens with no other citizenship who meet the requirements of Art. 147 para 3 of the Constitution, viz. being lawyers of high professional and moral integrity and with at least fifteen years of professional experience. The justices are not subject to an age restriction. The justices of the Constitutional Court are elected or appointed for a period of nine years and are not eligible for re-election or re-appointment. The members of the Constitutional Court are renewed every three years from each quota. During the first term, lots were cast after the third and the sixth year to name the outgoing justices. Each renewal sends away four justices (one third) and admits four newly elected (newly appointed) justices. The tenure of a justice of the Constitutional Court expires upon expiry of the term - 9 years (3 and 6 years, respectively, lots being cast during the first term).

The mandate shall be terminated earlier upon: resignation submitted before the Constitutional Court; enforcement of a prison sentence for a deliberate crime; actual incapacitation which has lasted for more than one year; incompatibility with an office or activity pursuant to Art. 147 para 5 of the Constitution; death. The status of a justice of the Constitutional Court is incompatible with a representative mandate, or any state or public post, or membership in a political party or trade union, or with the practicing of a free, commercial or any other paid occupation.

The Constitutional Court justices assume their duties upon taking an oath of office in the presence of the Speaker of the National Assembly, the President of the Republic, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Chief Justice of the Supreme Administrative Court.

The Constitutional Court justices enjoy the same immunity as the members of the National Assembly and have the status of the Speaker of the National Assembly.
No criminal proceedings may be instituted against a Constitutional Court justice before his immunity has been revoked. A justice’s immunity shall be revoked upon the submission to the Constitutional Court by the Chief Prosecutor of sufficient evidence as to the committing of a grave premeditated criminal offense.


III mandate, II composition (2012)

 



BORIS VLADIMIROV VELCHEV - Chief Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 23

 

 

Date and place of birth: April 26, 1962, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, summa cum laude.
Part-time lecturer (1988), then full-time Assistant Professor (1990) of criminal law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia. Passed through all academic levels: Associate Professor (2002); Professor of Criminal Law (2012). Doctor of Philosophy in law (since 1997). Dr.Sc.(2015).
Lecturing in criminal law and international criminal law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia and St. Cyril and St. Methodius University of Veliko Tarnovo – head of the Criminal Law Studies Department there until 2012.
Author of many publications on criminal law and international criminal law.
Member of the Legislation Drafting Council at the National Assembly, member and Chairman of the Legal Advisory Board to the President of the Republic of Bulgaria.
Elected as Prosecutor General of the Republic of Bulgaria (2006). Member of the Supreme Judicial Council and the Managing Board to the National Institute of Justice.
Appointed Constitutional Court Justice by the President of the Republic (2012).

 

 

TZANKA TODOROVA TZANKOVA-PETROVA - Justice

 

Contacts
phone: (02) 940 23 25

 

 

Date and place of birth: November 18, 1940, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1963). Law practiced as a judge and legal adviser until 1975.
Full-time Assistant Professor in civil law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, (1975); Chief Assistant (1978); Associate Professor in civil and family law (1987); Professor (1995). PhD in law (1975); Dr.Sc. in law (2001). Corresponding member of the Bulgarian Academy of Sciences (2008).

Lecturing activity in all civil law disciplines. Professor at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, Paisiy Hilendarski University of Plovdiv, University of National and World Economy (UNWE) and at the New Bulgarian University. 
       Specialization courses at universities in Warsaw, Saint Petersburg and Nancy.

       Author of over 130 scholarly publications. Leader of the international Parliamentary Internship Programme during the XXXVIII and the XXXIX National Assembly (2000-2004).

       Member of the General Assembly (1985-2007) and of the Control Council of St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1999-2005).
       Member of the Faculty Council of the Law Faculty (1987-2007). Deputy Dean of the Faculty of Law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia for two terms of office (1987-1992). Head of the Civil Law Studies Department at the Faculty of Law at Paisy Hilendarski University of Plovdiv (1991-1995).

       Member of the Managing Board and Deputy Chairperson of the National Science Fund (Council) (1992-2004). Member of the Expert Law Council at the Higher Attestation Commission (since 1991), also its Chairperson (1998-2003). Scientific Secretary General of the Higher Attestation Commission at the Council of Ministers for two terms of office (2003-2009).

       Arbitrator at the Court of Arbitration at the Bulgarian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.

Director of the Civil Law division of the Consultative Council on Legislation at the XXXIX and the XL National Assembly.
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the XLI National Assembly (2009).

 

 

STEFKA SAVOVA STOEVA - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 28

 

 

Date and place of birth: February, 14, 1953, Veliko Tarnovo.
Education: Faculty of Law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1975).
Postgraduate specialization in civil procedure (1984-1987).
Trainee lawyer (1976-1977).
Junior judge at the Sofia City Court (1978-1980).
Regional judge and Chairperson of the Kostinbrod Regional Court (1981-1986).
Judge at the Sofia Province Court (1986-1993).
Judge at the Supreme Court (1993-1996).
Justice at the Supreme Administrative Court (1996-1998).
Chairperson of the Fourth Division of the Supreme Administrative Court (1998-2004).
Deputy Chairperson of the Supreme Administrative Court (2004-2009).
Member of the Legislative Council at the XL National Assembly (2008-2009).
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the Joint Meeting of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court (2009).

 

ROUMEN HRISTOV NENKOV - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 26

 

 

Date and place of birth: August, 5, 1953, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1978).
Junior judge at the Sofia Regional Court (1980-1983), bailiff at the Sofia Regional Court (1983-1984), judge at the Sofia Regional Court (1984-1990), Chief Secretary of the Ministry of Justice (1990-1991), judge at the Sofia City Court (1991-1992), judge at the Supreme Court (1992-1996), judge at the Supreme Court of Cassation (1996-2009).
Regional Court Chairman (1988-1990), Deputy Chairman of the Sofia City Court (1991-1992), Chairman of a penal division at the Supreme Court of Cassation (1997-2002) and Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Court of Cassation (2002-2009).
Specialization in penal law, human rights and judicial restructuring in Great Britain, Austria, the USA, Germany, etc.
Member of the Supreme Judicial Council (1997-1998; 2003-2007). Member of the Union of Bulgarian Scientists, with publications in the sphere of penal law and human rights. Member of the Central Election Commission – Deputy Chairman (1997), Chairman (2001).
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the Joint Meeting of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court (2009).

 

KETI METODIEVA MARKOVA - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 38

 

 

Date and place of birth: September 21, 1963, Montana.
Education: Faculty of Law, Sofia University “St. Kliment Ohridski” (1986).
Internship as a judge at Sofia City Court (1986-1987). Junior judge at Sofia City Court (1987-1989). Judge at Sofia Regional Court, Deputy Chair and Chair of the Second Regional Court of Sofia (1989-2003). Judge at Sofia City Court (1993-1998). Judge at Sofia Court of Appeal (1998-2005). Judge at the Supreme Court of Cassation, Criminal Department, Third Criminal Section (2005-2012).
Specialisations in Belgium and the Netherlands.
Criminal Law and Procedure lecturer at the National Institute of Justice.
Member of the Union of Bulgarian Jurists.
Appointed Constitutional Court Justice by the President of the Republic (2012). 


 

GEORGE BOGOMILOFF ANGELOFF - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 22

 

 

Date and place of birth: February 18, 1959, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1982).
Internship as a judge at the Sofia City Court (1982 – 1983). Junior judge at the Vratza District Court (1984) and Regional judge at the Regional Court of Byala Slatina (1985 – 1986).
Regional judge (1986 – 1989) and Chairman (1989 – 1991) of the Svoge Regional Court.
Chief expert at the Ministry of Justice (1991).
Judge (1991 – 1995) and Deputy Chairman (1995 – 1998) at the Sofia District Court.
Judge at the Sofia Court of Appeal (1998 – 1999).
Judge at the Supreme Administrative Court (1999 – 2012).
Part-time lecturer in property law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1994 – 1995) and at the New Bulgarian University (2001). Lecturing in civil and administrative procedure as well as public works law at the Legal Initiative for Training and Development (1994 – 1999) and the National Institute of Justice (1999 – 2012).
Contributed to the creation of the Administrative Procedures Code. Co-author of the book “Administrative Procedures Code. Commentary”. Publications in civil and administrative procedure.
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the Joint Meeting of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court (2012).

 

ANASTAS VASILEV ANASTASOV - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 31

 

 

Date and place of birth: October 10, 1965, Yambol.
Education: Graduated from the Academy of the Ministry of Interior (1990). Junior prosecutor and Prosecutor at the Regional Prosecutors’ Office in Yambol (1991 – 1996), judge at the Yambol Regional Court (1996 – 2009).
Chairman of the Yambol Regional Court (2000 – 2009).
Member of the XLI National Assembly, Chairman of the Internal Security and Public Order Committee (2009 – 2012), Vice-President of the XLI National Assembly (2010 – 2012).
Specialization in European law, criminal law and human rights.
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the XLI National Assembly (2012).

 

GROZDAN NIKOLOV ILIEV - Justice

 

Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 11

 

 

Date and place of birth: September 1, 1948, Elin Pelin, District of Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1972).
Regional Prosecutor at the Regional Prosecutors’ Office in Elin Pelin (February 1974 – May 1979).
District Prosecutor at Sofia District Prosecutor’s Office (June 1979 – May 1983).
Judge at the Sofia Military Court (May 1983 – May 1989).
Judge at the Military Division of the Supreme Court (May 1989 – January 1997).
Judge at the Supreme Court of Cassation (January 1997 – April 2009). From 29 April 2009 to 28 February 2013 – Deputy to the President of the Supreme Court of Cassation of the Republic of Bulgaria and Chairperson of the Penal Division of the Supreme Court of Cassation.
Author of publications on criminal law, substantive and procedural law in periodic journals.
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the XLI National Assembly with a resolution from 22 February 2013.



 

MARIANA TODOROVA KARAGIOZOVA-FINKOVA – Justice


Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 35



Date and place of birth: September 21, 1949, Burgas.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia, specialized in "State Legal Studies” and “Jurisdiction” (1971). Trainee lawyer (1972-1973).
After a PhD dissertation defense, full-time Assistant Professor, Senior Assistant, Chief Assistant Professor of Constitutional Law Studies at the Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1979-1996); since 1996 – Associate Professor in Constitutional Law; since 2009 – Professor of Constitutional Law.
Lecture courses on
Constitutional Law of the Republic of Bulgaria at:
Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia – Law and International Relations degree programmes; Faculty of Philosophy – Public Administration degree programme; at New Bulgarian University - Department of National and International Security and Law programme;
Constitutional Justice at: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia – Law programme; Faculty of Philosophy - European Studies programme; Burgas Free University – Law programme;
European Constitutionalism at the Faculty of Philosophy - European Studies programme;
Institutions and the decision-making process in the European Union at the Faculty of Philosophy - Public Administration programme.
Specialization at universities in Prague, Moscow, Leiden, Maastricht, Philadelphia, Florence, Fribourg.
Author of monographs, studies, articles and publications in the field of constitutional justice and public legal aspects of the European Union. Head of the Constitutional Law Studies Department at the Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (2003-2013).
Member of the Faculty Council of the Faculty of Law (2005-2014), and the General Assembly of Sofia University for this period.
Member of the specialized council of legal studies at the Higher Attestation Commission (HAC) (2005-2012).  
Appointed Constitutional Court Justice by the President of the Republic (2015).  



 

KONSTANTIN LYUBENOV PENCHEV - Justice


Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 29



Date and place of birth: March 21, 1952, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1976).
Postgraduate specialization in Protection of Competition, France (1991).
Trainee judge at the Sofia District Court (1977 – 1978).
Junior judge at the Sofia City Court (1979 - 1981).
Chairman of the Svoge Regional Court (1981 - 1984).
Expert at the Contracts and Legal Matters Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (1984 - 1986).
Judge at the Sofia District Court (1986 - 1989).
Deputy Chairman of the Sofia District Court (1989 - 1994).
Lawyer at the Sofia Bar Association (1994 - 2004).
Member of the XXXIX National Assembly (2000 - 2004). 
Chairman of the Supreme Administrative Court (2004 - 2010). 
Ombudsman of the Republic of Bulgaria (2010 - 2015). 
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the XLIII National Assembly (2015). 


 

PHILIP DIMITROV DIMITROV - Justice


Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 37



Date and place of birth: March 31, 1955, Sofia.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1977).
Specialization in Woodrow Wilson Center (2003).
PhD in Political Science at New Bulgarian University (2010).
Law practice for a period of 20 years (between 1979 and 2015, with breaks).
Founder and Secretary of the Union of Lawyers in Bulgaria (1989 – 1990).
Lecturer at: the American University in Blagoevgrad (2002 - 2008), University of Toronto, Canada (2007), Christopher Newport University, Virginia, USA (2008-2009), New Bulgarian University, Sofia (2015).
Member of the XXXVI and XXXVII National Assembly and Vice-President of the XL National Assembly.
Ambassador of the Republic of Bulgaria with the United Nations (1997 - 1998) and the USA (1998 - 2002) and with the European Union in Georgia (2010 - 2014).
Prime Minister of the Republic of Bulgaria (1991 -1992).
Doctor Honoris Causa of the University of Georgia, Tbilisi (2014).
Author of political and politico-legal studies and historical novels.
Appointed Constitutional Court Justice by the President of the Republic (2015).  




 

TANIA IVANOVA RAYKOVSKA - Justice


Contacts:
phone: (02) 940 23 34




Date and place of birth: December 15, 1956, Veliko Tarnovo.
Education: Faculty of Law, St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia (1978).
Trainee judge at the Veliko Tarnovo District Court (May 1979 – May 1980). 
Legal adviser in Veliko Tarnovo (July 1980 – June 1981).
Junior judge at the Veliko Tarnovo District Court (June 1981 – December 1985); judge at the Sofia Regional Court (January 1987 – February 1993); judge at the Sofia City Court (February 1993 – November 1998); judge – Head of the Company Division at the Sofia City Court (November 1998 – June 2001).
Judge at the Supreme Court of Cassation (SCC) (June 2001 – June 2005).
Judge at SCC – Head of the first commercial division (June 2005 – March 2012); Acting Deputy Chairperson and Head of the Commercial Division at SCC (March 2012 – May 2012); Deputy Chairperson and Head of the Commercial Division at SCC (May 2012 – November 2014); Acting President of the SCC (November 2014 – February 2015); Deputy Chairperson and Head of the Commercial Division at SCC (February 2015 – November 2015).
Specializations in EU Competition Law; human rights and EU law.
Participation in various projects: "Comprehensive Review of the Administrative and Commercial Justice Systems in Bulgaria"; "Rapprochement of Bulgarian Company Law with the EU Acquis"; "Modernization of the Commercial Register in Bulgaria"; "Publicity and Efficiency of Insolvency Proceedings", etc.
Participation in the working conferences of The European Supreme Commercial Judges Forum, in the International Conference of the Presidents of Supreme Courts in Central and Eastern Europe /questions on the independence of the judiciary and ensuring the rule of law/; participation in various working groups drafting bills related to commercial law.
Commercial insolvency lecturer at the National Institute of Justice, part-time lecturer for many years in civil procedure and commercial law at St. Kliment Ohridski University of Sofia.
Co-author of a collection of insolvency case law.
Member of the Union of Bulgarian Jurists.
Elected Constitutional Court Justice by the Joint Meeting of the Judges of the Supreme Court of Cassation and the Supreme Administrative Court (2015).


Presidents of the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Bulgaria

Assen Manov 3 October 1991 - 18 October 1994 First mandate
Assen Manov 18 October 1994 - 14 October 1997 Second mandate
Zhivko Stalev 14 October 1997 - 19 October 2000 First mandate
Hristo Danov 19 October 2000 - 17 February 2003 First mandate
Nedelcho Beronov 17 February 2003 - 28 February 2003 Deputy Chairman
Roumen Yankov 28 February 2003 - 28 October 2003 Chairman
Nedelcho Beronov 28 October 2003 - 3 October 2006 First mandate
Vassil Gotzev 3 October 2006 - 8 November 2006 Deputy Chairman
Roumen Yankov 8 November 2006 - 9 October 2009 First mandate
Dimitar Tokushev 9 October 2009 - 16 November 2009 Deputy Chairman
Evgeni Tanchev 16 November 2009 - 15 November 2012 First mandate
Tzanka Tzankova 16 November 2012 - 03 March 2013 Deputy Chairman
Dimitar Tokushev 4 March 2013 - 11 November 2015 First mandate
Boris Velchev 16 November 2015 -
First mandate